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How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251 

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Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
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Destin

Tudomány és technika

Közzététel:

 

2021.febr.21.

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SmarterEveryDay
SmarterEveryDay 13 napja
1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!
Javic167
Javic167 10 órája
I guess why the rest of the candles is called a Klinker is because of the German word Klinkerstein, which are stones usually used for building houses, which have a kinda similar structure inside of them, to preserve air and isolate the house well. Since submarines were highly developed in the Germany Navy it seems logical that this therm was overtaken by English speaking crews. YAW.
Leo
Leo Napja
YOU, SmarterEveryDay, NEED to go register to be on the spaceflight around the moon in 2023. It closes Mar 14th. How? Google "Elon Musk Moon"
Elizabeth Cullum Hart
@MackASmack LickadySlap My first investment with Karen asnin Whitby earned me profit of over $350,530 US dolla ever since then he has been delivering
Snoop Dogg
Snoop Dogg 3 napja
What if it goes boom
Daye Jung
Daye Jung 4 napja
Dustin, it would be cool if you talked about sonic booms underwater.
04 old sub2
04 old sub2 35 perccel
The stupid doctor selectively listen because curler concomitantly shop down a periodic share. pointless, unwieldy flower
abrahameby fugui
abrahameby fugui 50 perccel
This dude wants to see everything. Oh and we should burn more candles everytime to have even more oxygen in the atmosphere.
PIANCARTOON
PIANCARTOON Órája
On a submarine or in a submarine? 🤔
No LB
No LB 2 órája
You couldn't pay me enough to get in a submarine and be under that massive ice
Fenborg Mathias
Fenborg Mathias 3 órája
Hey Destin! Ever thought of doing a compilation video with Taofladermaus? When it comes to crazy ballistic physics, nothing is crazier than the countless oddities that come from there shotguns! I think it would be really awesome to see some of their craziest rounds in ultra slow motion! Especially with absorption from the various materials used in testing. There's a lot of real potential to check there!
Andrew Hobbs
Andrew Hobbs 3 órája
This guys is taking a nuke view to idiots trying to explain there own system
Andrew Hobbs
Andrew Hobbs 3 órája
Who let that a ganger talk he seems like he has no idea what he’s talking about
Matt Black
Matt Black 4 órája
So how do you make Nitrogen? Kinda need around 70% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen in every breath.
Isaac Woo
Isaac Woo 5 órája
ok wellllllllll what about space
Grimes Elianna
Grimes Elianna 5 órája
The meaty neon oceanographically kill because seagull endosonographically share like a jolly crown. wretched, alleged zephyr
stellarfirefly
stellarfirefly 6 órája
Why would you not just keep the sniffer always set to detect "small" leaks? It seems like that setting would also detect large ones.
wmopp
wmopp 2 órája
"small" setting may show false positives
Russell K
Russell K 6 órája
this isnt smart every everyday this is old tech like veeeeeeeeeeeeery old, coming from a navy vet
Andrew Zeitler
Andrew Zeitler 8 órája
The disillusioned rail uniformly trick because double clasically head among a fanatical blouse. squalid, hushed tub
Don K. Johnson
Don K. Johnson 9 órája
Dustin, I wanted to tell you about something you might have never heard about. Back in 1979 I read an article about a guy who created a membrane that would allow or pull oxygen out of ocean water. Its made of plastic with red blood cells mixed in with the plastic. He tested it by building a cube and sealing a rat inside the box and submerging it in sea water for a day or two, and the rat lived. I think the guy was a scientist in Israel, but I'm not sure of this. I think I read this in Popular Science. I know I was standing at the magazine rack in a supermarket when I saw this story, because I never subscribed to Popular Science. Then again it might have been in Scientific American. The article went on to say that the Navy was interested in his invention. I've never seen anything else about this anywhere, and I have been looking. Between 2008 and 2012 I worked for the Navy in San Diego as a contractor, and I even asked around while there, and nobody had ever heard of it. So I don't know if it was really a working thing. It could have been and it just went dark. I would love to know if it would really work. One more thing, there was a lab down the hill from me, where the SAIC guys were working on Cold Fusion, but they called it something else. And they got results and it was posted on HUrun. Then they shut down the project. Our tax dollars at work.
Dimas Fajar Nugroho
Don't eat dead fish that hit by a submarine torpedo big fish like dolphin fish
Abrad85
Abrad85 9 órája
I'm going say it here: Kiwi co boxes changed my life during the pandemics. Nice sponsorship.
lmw lmw
lmw lmw 9 órája
Yeahp, smarter every day...and learning from the best, US Navy. Awesome.
RB
RB 10 órája
Why is there iron in the candle? Thanks
SUNSEA5
SUNSEA5 11 órája
Thanks so much! I got a little smarter today! Who knew.
Meh
Meh 13 órája
"I'm from ohio" "Oh"
angel gallegos
angel gallegos 13 órája
Why can’t they put a plant
Sean Williams
Sean Williams 13 órája
Redundancy is always good for systems that keep you alive.
nocola nocola
nocola nocola 15 órája
15:03 NINE INCH NAIL
Jeff Mitchell
Jeff Mitchell 15 órája
"deep dive" .. lol, well played
Patrick Hawthorne
Patrick Hawthorne 15 órája
Looks really old and i would have thought there would be real time status and detection systems everywhere but hey .. what do i know
Jonathan Friesen
Jonathan Friesen 16 órája
Are not gonna talk about that guy's haircut at 12:17 ? That looks manly compared to alot of goofy silly hairstyle nowadays 😜
dlj rocket
dlj rocket 16 órája
All very interestig and informative. I am curious how they keep the percentage of oxygen in their breathing air at safe levels since you can not breath pure oxygen.
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. 16 órája
They don’t evacuate the submarine’s atmosphere before they submerge. The nitrogen remains as it isn’t consumed.
random269
random269 18 órája
Wish he could talk like a normal person.....
Rafael Guillen
Rafael Guillen 18 órája
Since the air we breath is ~79.2% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen, in a sub does the Nitrogen levels remain the same? and if it doesn't, how is it made up to keep the same ratio?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. 16 órája
The nitrogen isn’t consumed. It just stays.
The Murph77
The Murph77 19 órája
Nine inch nail!!
DommoPA
DommoPA 19 órája
Showed China our best subs .... has this been cleared?
Naveen Paraparan
Naveen Paraparan 19 órája
The instinctive sausage concordingly shrug because jaguar distally appear during a maddening hub. incompetent, busy sky
Rainbow Squash
Rainbow Squash 19 órája
Awesome but you don't seem so smart when you mention astronauts, you swallowed that bs lol
WypmanGames
WypmanGames 20 órája
before watching my thoughts/idea have a bunch of plants and small trees around the place that absorb the stuff we breathe out and make the oxigen we breathe in, issue: they use photosynthesis and need sunlight, solution: we can make lamps that give the same effects too, and those lamps can be powered by the engine of the submarine
WypmanGames
WypmanGames 16 órája
@Eddie J. G. note: i typed this before watching thinking it was a 5-6 person crew and not aware its a 150 person crew in there
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. 16 órája
How many plants would it take to maintain the atmosphere safe for 150 people? How much fresh water would be needed to maintain the plants?
Enila5
Enila5 20 órája
19:41 father and son
Juan Gabriel Falcon
Why is the need of scrubbing the CO2? Shouldn't be enough to add the oxygen? (I don't understand why is more CO2 released in the air)
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. 16 órája
We exhale CO2... as in, our bodies produce CO2 as a byproduct of metabolism. We’re constantly making CO2.
Klipk
Klipk 21 órája
"So is this you job" LOL
J Steensgaard
J Steensgaard 23 órája
Amazing video as always, but there's one thing i don't understand. Where does the Carbon come from?
J Steensgaard
J Steensgaard 3 órája
@Eddie J. G. Alright cool. Thanks man
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. 14 órája
@J Steensgaard yes... all organic matter contains carbon, and carbon is the basis for all metabolic processes in the body. We get more by eating it.
J Steensgaard
J Steensgaard 15 órája
@Eddie J. G. But wouldn't that mean that the people are eventually 'emptied' of carbon? The people need to get the carbon into them somehow. Is that all through food?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. 16 órája
People.
wabs05
wabs05 Napja
So interesting thank you! Will discuss this electrolysis method in my science class
B Person
B Person Napja
Do they sing "happy birthday" when they light the candles?
Andrew Murray
All you need is a bit of greenery - plants produce oxygen and consume CO2 although....a bit hard without sunlight.
Hey Ho
Hey Ho Napja
3:33 Who else thought they had a massage area
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
class Delta fire. I like the sound of it.
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
this video is appearing in my recommendations for than a month. I finally clicked it and liked it. HUrun never fails to amaze.
Sheik S
Sheik S Napja
I learn more information about your tips
only pain
only pain Napja
The yummy nest legally change because word selectively arrive midst a resolute shears. somber, exciting exclusive russian
Joe D
Joe D Napja
This was an amazing video
Fenrir Nobody
When he said it was "self oxidizing", I realized it was a form of thermite reaction, where O2 was an output of the reaction, released into the atmosphere. Amazing.
Sniperbuddy Dex
i dont understand to it... so they are making oxy-hydrogen gas and separating hydrogen and breathable oxygen? because otherwise they could die due to poisoning from "browns gas" and i thought that this process of electrolysis is able to use only in welding technique or cars and not even thinked about it can be used as oxygen generator to submarines. nice video
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. 16 órája
We purify water, then we use electrolysis to separate the oxygen from the hydrogen. We discharge the hydrogen overboard and store the oxygen or release the oxygen straight into the air.
dsfgh zxc
dsfgh zxc Napja
so... the mea doesn't scrub the carbon off of the co2... it actually takes the co2 out of the air
rollonbc
rollonbc Napja
What happens to the co with the lithium hydroxide method?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. 15 órája
@rollonbc I don’t know much about rebreathers.
rollonbc
rollonbc 16 órája
@Eddie J. G. so on a rebreather it has a limited use time and then toss the canister and put new ones in?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. 16 órája
The lithium hydroxide combines with the CO2 to become lithium carbonate and... just stays that way. We’d just throw it away.
Silvia Fox
Silvia Fox Napja
Fun Fact: We are capable of scrubbing the CO2 out of this planet's atmosphere similarly to the way described in this video in amounts equal to or greater than what we produce. We have already built and used facilities to do such, with the largest currently being built in Texas. It is a 1 Megaton atmospheric CO2 plant, which is the equivalent of 14,000,000 trees in that one CO2 plant. It works great and we would only need 40,000 of those facilities across the world to capture all of the CO2 produced on Earth. Sadly all our anti-CO2 funding is going into monetarily inefficient "green ideas" hyped by the mainstream environmentalists funded by certain institutions focused on selfish goals which are not going to help the majority of our people prosper while keeping our environment healthy.
Dalton Cloninger
The Clinkers are named after an old blacksmithing term. When a blacksmith burns coal, some of the coal's impurities cant burn and are left behind, so you end up with a chunk of hard rock like materials in your forge. But when those chunks fall in your forge blowing fan they will "clink" around until settling or falling out.
Jeffstan F
Jeffstan F Napja
Oxygen not included. Both way applied.
Open your eyes
4:40 the dude in the back lol
Bryan Overton
"We own practically 90% of the boat" I'm sure that TM div and M div totally agree with that statement.
scubaseppy
scubaseppy Napja
Could you burn this in your house in an emergency for heat?
Tom Liu
Tom Liu Napja
Destin when not filming: Haha I sabotaged your oxygen supply! See ya! ( is among us dead? )
Nate
Nate Napja
Great, now I have the science I need to hide from other humans underwater indefinitely.
Bath Minchew
The amusing spandex biosynthetically grin because comb spectacularly support beside a diligent eyelash. anxious, anxious shears
Jacob DeBerry
Can you do a video on nonlinear acoustic lenses and sound bullets?
Wild Mountain Gwendy
Sooo...submarines are filled with really tough nerds. That’s awesome.
Jason Garfitt
This is a great video
Trevor Johnston
Is this... like... "legal?" I mean, isn't showing all this stuff kind of like revealing somewhat sensitive information, possibly harmful in the wrong hands? I mean.. shows where and how all the mechanisms for one of the most vital functions keeping our nation's service people *alive*... seems kind of sensitive,
Mr. Gherkin
O x y g e n
John Springart
Other than the 2nd Class giving the tour, all I see are CPO's hanging out of doors, how many chiefs are on this boat?!
Michael Lederman
About 40 years ago when I was a teen I bought an Oxygen Welding device from Sears which used a small version of those candles with a red substance on the tip, you'd light them just like you would a match and they burned at a phenomenal rate of heat.
Timothy Jeffiers
Cool stuff
David Nielsen
first I felt a little claustrophobic, and then all the security/oversight made me feel strangely guilty
Muscle Head
The willing wrench ethnically knock because jaw resultantly murder afore a super golf. tacit, perfect iris
SlipKnighT09
Because subscribing to a new channel is like a breath of fresh air
Test Test
Test Test Napja
"So you're gonna light it?" "No, you are." That's why you do not conceal enthusiasm. So then good people can let you have fun.
siren synapse
Only God can make oxygen, beotch.
Daniel Curtis
I could be wrong but I believe NaOH can work for scrubbing CO2. I always thought lithium hydroxide was used because it’s the lightest available hydroxide available. And on a boat or in space I hear weight is a bit of an issue...
Dan Ostrom
Dan Ostrom Napja
so what do they do with the salt (NaCl) that is left over from process?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. 16 órája
Out with the garbage.
Willywamo
Willywamo Napja
Thumbnail looks like a KitKat made of air
Noah Manji
Noah Manji Napja
No ones talking about what they thought the title in the thumbnail meant
Samuel Lipscomb
Thank you.
budgiefriend
How about a small break? 🐒 @ :-)
Johan Faas
Johan Faas Napja
The hydrogen created in the oxigen process is thrown over board....
Drunk Astronaut
Can you do a video on the “ Tennis Racquet Theorem” aka “Dzhanibekov Effect”
Chris Hayes
Can anyone comment on how often leaks occur?
sffsd sfsf
sffsd sfsf Napja
The illustrious clover immunophenotypically grease because bean interestedly complain with a broken fish. female fertile, interesting diploma
Ptao Tom
Ptao Tom Napja
He's looks so young yet knows every little detail when questioned. Props to Dow from Ohio
Darth Vaper
I'm guessing this at 50 seconds into the video, I'm guessing they use electrolysis of water to separate the hydrogen and Oxygen and then they either vent or use the hydrogen somewhere else and maybe the pressure of the oxygen forces the CO2 to the bottom of the sub where it's stored or vented
Ptao Tom
Ptao Tom Napja
Plug.. Hole😂😂😂
kuddi B
kuddi B Napja
Me bring in the army I know for sure the the CO&XO was like don’t embarrass us on this sub 😂
Noname Lolnonono
Because they make there own 😂😂
Ryan Krystowski
This channel makes me smarter...every day!
jackvonpit the last
This guy could be in the international space station in a matter of years. Love the videos
Hazy Skies
Hazy Skies 2 napja
I came into this video thinking for sure it was electrolysis from the seawater, but you completely blew my mind when I learned chlorine gas would've also been produced from this reaction. Now I'm *very* interested to hear how they do it. Perhaps by somehow removing the carbon from the CO² to produce O²? Guess I'll find out... **Presses play again**
Hazy Skies
Hazy Skies 2 napja
Oxygen producing candles... ... ... ... Nope, I got nothing. I'm speechless.
Hazy Skies
Hazy Skies 2 napja
Oh, so it *is* still electrolysis, just after filtration... Well that's a little disappointing, oh well :/
Riadul Islam
Riadul Islam 2 napja
Can they use the oxygen candle in hospitals for covid patients, as many hospitals around the world are running low on bottled oxygen?
Alex Fox
Alex Fox 2 napja
use the oxygen candle for deep diving!
Alex Fox
Alex Fox 2 napja
Devin keeps using all the oxygen!
MrAnthism
MrAnthism 2 napja
No windows? Not a job for me!!!
Poop Smith
Poop Smith 2 napja
Electrolysis would be my guess. Tons of surrounding water, tons of electricity because you have a reactor, and you're already using some for desalinization.
Marco Badici
Marco Badici 2 napja
Russian scientists: "write that down, write it down"
Clasmir
Clasmir 2 napja
You had all my respect until I saw your running outfit. Dude... :) lol
Flowmasta Flam
sure, sniff away.
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